Thursday, May 30, 2024

The Management Problem, seventh Version


On this e-book assessment of The Management Problem (seventh ed.) by James (Jim) Kouzes and Barry Posner, I am going to evaluate the seventh version (2023) to the Sixth version (2017) and spotlight areas of enhancements and level out what’s new within the seventh version. I am going to present an summary of The 5 Practices framework (Model the Approach, Inspire a Shared Imaginative and prescient, Challenge the Course of, Enable Others to Act, and Encourage the Coronary heart) through using direct quotes* from the e-book. Lastly, I am going to share some management themes and classes that Kouzes and Posner have discovered.

* The direct quotations and citing of passages from The Management Problem (seventh ed.) is finished to protect the expert writings and gifted storytellings of Kouzes and Posner.

I wrote a e-book assessment of The Management Problem (Sixth ed.) again in 2017. I am unable to consider it is now six years later (2023) and I am reviewing the seventh version!

After I labored for an auto collision restore firm from 2018 to 2020, we adopted The Management Problem e-book and mannequin and ordered 200 copies of The Management Problem (Sixth ed.) handy out to our workshop contributors. The 5 Practices of Exemplary Management (or MICEE mannequin as we known as it) continues to be talked about as we speak.

The seventh version (Kouzes & Posner, 2023) gives:

  • Incisive commentary on the shift towards team-oriented and hybrid work relationships

  • Key insights into the right way to break by a brand new and pervasive stage of cynicism amongst the fashionable workforce

  • Methods for leveraging the digital international village to ship higher outcomes inside your crew, in your division, and throughout your group

Steve Nguyen’s Critiques:

1) Though the seventh version is marketed as offering incisive commentary on hybrid work, in actuality “hybrid work” was talked about on simply 2 pages. Additionally, it was not “incisive,” however as an alternative extra of a posing of rhetorical questions or offering statements with a point out of “hybrid work.”

2) Kouzes and Posner does a greater job offering insights about coping with cynicism. And whereas the phrase “cynicism” was additionally solely talked about on 2 pages, the authors do a greater job sharing insights and connecting private tales of leaders who successfully handled cynicism. Nevertheless, the instance of Stephen Ravizza within the seventh version (2023) is the EXACT similar instance shared within the 4th version (2007). Likewise, the story about John Doyle within the seventh version is the one beforehand used within the 4th version.

3) As for the seventh version together with “Methods for leveraging the digital international village to ship higher outcomes inside your crew, in your division, and throughout your group” — I didn’t see something substantively new or totally different from what was already mentioned within the Sixth version.

The Management Problem

The Management Problem has its origins in a analysis undertaking we [Kouzes and Posner] started over forty years in the past. We wished to know what folks did after they have been at their “private finest” in main others. These private bests have been experiences during which folks set their particular person management requirements of excellence. They have been, so to talk, their Olympic gold-medal-winning performances” (Kouzes & Posner, 2023, p. 304).

“Management challenges by no means stop, and management alternatives will at all times be there for individuals who select to greet them. That’s exactly why, from the start, we [Kouzes and Posner] titled this e-book The Management Problem” (Kouzes & Posner, 2023, p. xix).

“The examine of management is how folks information others by adversity, uncertainty, and turbulence; triumph towards overwhelming odds; take initiative when there’s inertia; and activate people and establishments within the face of stiff resistance. This e-book describes what leaders did beneath difficult circumstances and what you are able to do to place their management behaviors into observe and make a distinction” (Kouzes & Posner, 2023, p. xix-xx).

The Management Problem is evidence-based. We [Kouzes and Posner] derived The 5 Practices from rigorous analysis, and we illustrate them with examples from actual folks doing actual issues. With every new version, we proceed to replace the tales, instances, and examples of precisely what actual folks do when they’re at their finest. Their names are actual, as are their experiences and quotations. Nevertheless, for 2 causes, we don’t point out their organizations. First, most individuals will not be nonetheless linked with that group or in the identical place. Second, the instances and our focus are about what people do, and never about their organizations, features, or positions” (Kouzes & Posner, 2023, p. xx).

Steve Nguyen’s Critiques:

Though not together with the names of the organizations is new to the seventh version, Kouzes and Posner hooked up names of the organizations to the names of particular people within the 1st, 2nd, third, 4th, fifth, and Sixth editions. To be truthful, there are many new/recent tales, like those of Blaze Silberman, Maureen Collins, Rob Area, and lots of others within the seventh version.

One clarification for not together with the names of the organizations within the seventh version could also be in order that the authors can proceed to make use of management tales from older editions, as within the case of Stephen Ravizza [4th & 7th editions], John Doyle [4th & 7th editions], Michael Ryan [4th & 7th editions], and Arlene Blum. In actual fact, the instance of Arlene Blum dates again to the first version (and continued for use within the 2nd, third, 4th, fifth, Sixth, and seventh editions) and got here from a 1980 e-book — which was 43 years in the past!

Now do not get me incorrect. Management tales are timeless. My want is that the authors would extra clearly state simply how previous a few of these tales really are.

That mentioned, I discovered this give attention to what people do fascinating and fairly true. So lots of the enterprise and management books that point out people virtually at all times additionally embrace the organizations that they work for. Nevertheless, with the passage of time, it is inevitable that some or many of those people have been now not related to these organizations. In actual fact, there are even cases during which these organizations now not exist.

Problem Is The Crucible For Management And The Alternative For Greatness

Within the fifth version of The Management Problem, Kouzes and Posner wrote: “Problem is the chance for greatness” (2012, p. 156). Within the Sixth version of The Management Problem, they wrote: “Problem is the crucible for greatness” (Kouzes & Posner, 2017, p. 16). Within the seventh version of The Management Problem, Kouzes and Posner present an amalgamation of what they wrote in 2012 and 2017 to now say: “Problem is the crucible for management and the chance for greatness” (Kouzes & Posner, 2023, p. 304-305).

Problem Is the Alternative for Greatness

Problem is the crucible for management and the chance for greatness. That is the vital lesson we’ve got discovered from reviewing hundreds of Private-Finest Management Experiences over forty years. Problem conjures up us, shapes us, and requires us to open doorways and chart new paths” (Kouzes & Posner, 2023, p. 304-305)

“Once we [Kouzes and Posner] reviewed the Private-Finest Management Experiences, it turned evident that each single case concerned some sort of problem. We didn’t ask folks to inform us about difficult occasions. We requested them to inform us about occasions after they did their finest. It simply turned out that regardless of the state of affairs, all of the instances we’ve studied concerned overcoming nice adversity. It was the context during which folks mentioned they did their finest. In different phrases, problem is the widespread denominator in all of the tales about personal-best management” (Kouzes & Posner, 2023, p. 304).

Your Management Issues

“You don’t must search for for management. You don’t must look out for management. You solely must look inward. You’ve the potential to guide others to locations they’ve by no means been. However earlier than you possibly can lead others, it’s a must to consider you can have a constructive influence on others. It’s a must to consider that what you do counts. It’s a must to consider that your phrases can encourage and that your actions can transfer others. And you’ve got to have the ability to persuade others that the identical is true for them. In these turbulent occasions, there isn’t any scarcity of alternatives to guide, and the world wants extra individuals who consider they will make a distinction and who’re keen to behave on that perception” (Kouzes & Posner, 2017, p. 295). [Note: I like the 2017 version better than the 2023 rewording].

“The underside line empirically is that the extra continuously the individuals who work with you observe you partaking within the behaviors related to The 5 Practices of Exemplary Management, the extra possible it’s that you just’ll have a constructive affect on them and the group. The extra possible it’s that folks will wish to work with you” (Kouzes & Posner, 2023, p. 306).

The Management Problem & The 5 Practices of Exemplary Management

“Whereas the context of management has modified dramatically through the years, the content material of management has not modified a lot in any respect. Leaders’ elementary behaviors and actions have remained basically the identical, and they’re as related as we speak as they have been once we [Kouzes and Posner] started our examine of exemplary management. The reality of every personal-best management expertise—multiplied hundreds of occasions and substantiated empirically by thousands and thousands of respondents and lots of of students—establishes The 5 Practices of Exemplary Management as an “working system” for leaders in every single place” (Kouzes & Posner, 2023, p. 5).

“The examine of management is how folks information others by adversity, uncertainty, and turbulence; triumph towards overwhelming odds; take initiative when there’s inertia; and activate people and establishments within the face of stiff resistance. This e-book describes what leaders did beneath difficult circumstances and what you are able to do to place their management behaviors into observe and make a distinction” (Kouzes & Posner, 2023, p. xx).

The Management Problem has at all times been about how folks go about mobilizing others to wish to make extraordinary issues occur. It’s concerning the behavioral practices used to remodel values into actions, visions into realities, obstacles into improvements, separateness into solidarity, and dangers into rewards. It’s about management that creates the local weather during which difficult alternatives open the door to exceptional successes” (Kouzes & Posner, 2023, p. xv).

“It’s not about your title, place, perform, age, gender, academic stage, nation of origin, or every other demographic variable. It’s about the way you behave. We [Kouzes and Posner] firmly consider that exemplary management is throughout the grasp of everybody and that the alternatives for management are boundless and boundary-less” (Kouzes & Posner, 2023, p. xxi).

The 5 Practices and Ten Commitments of Exemplary Management

Apply 1: Mannequin the Approach

Dedication 1. Make clear values by discovering your voice and affirming shared values.

Dedication 2. Set the instance by aligning actions with shared values.

Apply 2: Encourage a Shared Imaginative and prescient

Dedication 3. Envision the long run by imagining thrilling and ennobling prospects.

Dedication 4. Enlist others in a typical imaginative and prescient by interesting to shared aspirations.

Apply 3: Problem the Course of

Dedication 5. Seek for alternatives by seizing the initiative and looking out outward for progressive methods to enhance.

Dedication 6. Experiment and take dangers by consistently producing small wins and studying from expertise.

Apply 4: Allow Others to Act

Dedication 7. Foster collaboration by constructing belief and facilitating relationships.

Dedication 8. Strengthen others by rising self-determination and growing competence.

Apply 5: Encourage the Coronary heart

Dedication 9. Acknowledge contributions by exhibiting appreciation for particular person excellence.

Dedication 10. Have a good time the values and victories by making a spirit of neighborhood.

On the coronary heart of The Management Problem is The 5 Practices framework, which resulted from evaluation of hundreds of Private-Finest Management Experiences and thousands and thousands of survey responses (Kouzes & Posner, 2023). Kouzes and Posner illustrate The 5 Practices framework with examples of what peculiar folks (leaders from all walks of life) do when they’re at their finest. The 5 Practices of Exemplary Management are the core management competencies that emerged from Kouzes & Posner’s evaluation of hundreds of Private-Finest Management Expertise instances.

“These 5 management practices—Mannequin the Approach, Encourage a Shared Imaginative and prescient, Problem the Course of, Allow Others to Act, and Encourage the Coronary heart—present an working system for what individuals are doing as leaders when they’re at their finest. There’s considerable empirical proof that these management practices matter. Embedded inside The 5 Practices of Exemplary Management are important behaviors that function the idea for changing into an exemplary chief. We [Kouzes and Posner] name these the Ten Commitments of Exemplary Management” (Kouzes & Posner, 2023, p. 13).

“The inescapable conclusion from analyzing hundreds of personal-best management experiences is that (a) everybody has a personal-best management story to inform, and (b) management is an identifiable set of abilities and skills obtainable to anybody” (Kouzes & Posner, 2023, p. 3).

After carefully inspecting hundreds of personal-best management instances, Kouzes and Posner proceed to search out that “people who information others alongside pioneering journeys comply with surprisingly related paths regardless of the occasions or settings. Although every expertise was distinctive in its expression, there have been identifiable behaviors and actions that made a distinction” (Kouzes & Posner, 2023, p. 4).

The 5 Practices of Exemplary Management (Mannequin the Approach; Encourage a Shared Imaginative and prescient; Problem the Course of; Allow Others to Act; Encourage the Coronary heart) “will not be the non-public property of the folks we [Kouzes and Posner] studied. Nor do they belong to a couple choose shining stars. Management shouldn’t be about character; it’s about habits. The 5 Practices can be found to anybody who accepts the management problem—the problem of guiding folks and organizations to locations they’ve by no means been earlier than. It’s the problem of shifting past the peculiar to the extraordinary” (Kouzes & Posner, 2023, p. 4).

Apply 1: Mannequin the Approach

“The very first step on the journey to exemplary management is clarifying your values—discovering these elementary beliefs that can information your selections and actions alongside the trail to success and significance” (Kouzes & Posner, 2023, p. 56).

“Probably the most difficult components about being a pacesetter is that you just’re at all times on stage. Individuals are at all times watching you, speaking about you, and testing your credibility. That’s why setting the precise instance is so vital and why it’s important to make use of all of the instruments you’ve got obtainable to do it” (Kouzes & Posner, 2023, p. 82).

Apply 2: Encourage a Shared Imaginative and prescient

“Crucial function of imaginative and prescient in organizational life is to provide focus to human power. To allow everybody to see extra clearly what’s forward of them, you need to have and convey an thrilling, ennobling imaginative and prescient of the long run. The trail to readability of imaginative and prescient begins with reflecting on the previous, strikes to attending to the current, after which goes to prospecting into the long run” (Kouzes & Posner, 2023, p. 109).

“Leaders enchantment to widespread beliefs. They join others to what’s most significant within the shared imaginative and prescient. They carry folks to increased ranges of motivation and repeatedly reinforce that they will make a distinction. Exemplary leaders communicate to what’s distinctive and singular concerning the group, making others really feel proud to be part of one thing extraordinary. Exemplary leaders perceive that it’s not their private view of the long run that’s vital; it’s embracing the aspirations of their constituents that issues most” (Kouzes & Posner, 2023, p. 135).

Apply 3: Problem the Course of

“Leaders devoted to creating extraordinary issues occur are open to receiving concepts from anybody and wherever. They’re adept at utilizing their outsight to survey the panorama of know-how, politics, economics, demographics, artwork, faith, and society looking for new concepts. They’re ready to seek for alternatives to handle the fixed shifts of their setting. They seize the initiative and deal with the modifications they see. Furthermore, as a result of they’re proactive, they don’t simply experience the waves of change; they make the waves that others experience” (Kouzes & Posner, 2023, p. 163).

“[C]hange can overwhelm, frighten, and immobilize some folks. Exemplary leaders consider, and get others to consider, that change is a problem they will efficiently deal with and that people can management their life and affect outcomes. They ensure that everybody clearly understands the which means and function of change, they usually create a robust sense of dedication to the mission” (Kouzes & Posner, 2023, p. 188).

Apply 4: Allow Others to Act

“You possibly can’t make extraordinary issues occur by your self. Collaboration is what permits organizations, communities, and even digital school rooms to perform successfully. Maintain collaboration by making a local weather of belief and by facilitating efficient long-term relationships amongst your constituents. Promote a way of mutual dependence — the sensation that everybody within the group is aware of they want the others to succeed. With out that sense of “we’re all on this collectively,” it’s unattainable to maintain efficient teamwork going, stimulating folks to look out for each other and do what they will to make the entire crew profitable” (Kouzes & Posner, 2023, p. 217).

“Strengthening others is basically the method of turning everybody into leaders—making folks able to performing on their very own initiative. Create a virtuous cycle by extending extra energy and accountability to others as they reply efficiently. Leaders strengthen others after they make it doable to train alternative and discretion, design choices and options to how work and repair are carried out, and foster accountability and accountability that compel motion” (Kouzes & Posner, 2023, p. 244).

Apply 5: Encourage the Coronary heart

“Exemplary leaders have constructive expectations of themselves and their constituents. They count on the most effective of individuals and create self-fulfilling prophecies about how peculiar folks can produce extraordinary actions and outcomes. Exemplary leaders’ targets and requirements are unambiguous, serving to folks give attention to what wants doing. They supply clear suggestions and reinforcement. Sustaining a constructive outlook and offering motivating suggestions stimulates, rekindles, and focuses folks’s energies and drive” (Kouzes & Posner, 2023, p. 272).

“Celebrating collectively reinforces the truth that extraordinary efficiency outcomes from many individuals’s efforts. Visibly and publicly celebrating accomplishments creates neighborhood and sustains crew spirit. By basing celebrations on performing congruently with elementary values and attaining vital milestones, leaders reinforce and keep folks’s focus” (Kouzes & Posner, 2023, p. 300).

What Folks Look For and Need from Their Leaders

“What individuals are searching for in an individual whom they’d willingly comply with is somebody who they consider is trustworthy, competent, inspiring, and forward-looking. For all of the dramatic modifications on the earth over these previous 4 a long time, what folks search for has remained amazingly steady” (Kouzes & Posner, 2023, p. 20).

What I Like:

On the finish of every of the Commitments of Management chapter (two chapters for every observe [10 Commitments total; 2 for each Practice]), there’s a very helpful and actionable “Take Motion” part that tells you “what it’s worthwhile to do to make these management behaviors and practices an ongoing and pure a part of your behavioral and attitudinal repertoire” (Kouzes & Posner, 2023, p. xxiii).

What I completely love about The Management Problem e-book and mannequin is how simple it’s to show and the way easy it’s to study The 5 Practices of Exemplary Management (Model the Approach; Inspire a Shared Imaginative and prescient; Challenge the Course of; Enable Others to Act; Encourage the Coronary heart). Whether or not it is a room filled with high-school educated, blue-collar leaders or college-educated executives with MBAs, the “MICEE” mannequin is extraordinarily intuitive and contributors latch on to the management mannequin instantly! Much more importantly — they’re capable of clarify, exhibit, and train again the mannequin to others!

A Fast Comparability Between The Sixth and seventh Editions:

There are 12 chapters within the seventh version vs. 13 chapters within the Sixth version. Kouzes and Posner moved the chapter titled “Credibility Is the Basis of Management” (Ch. 2 within the Sixth version) beneath the primary chapter (Ch. 1 within the seventh version).

The authors additionally renamed the ultimate chapter — from “Management Is Everybody’s Enterprise” (within the Sixth version) to “Deal with Problem as an Alternative” (within the seventh version) — but it surely stays basically unchanged.

Within the seventh version, Kouzes and Posner have additional refined the second half of the “Take Motion” part on the finish of every habits chapter. The authors supplied extra nuanced strategies to assist readers extra successfully make use of every vital management habits (Kouzes & Posner, 2023).

This is a pattern comparability between the Sixth and seventh editions for the “Take Motion” part within the “Foster Collaboration” chapter.

The actionable strategies to Foster Collaboration within the Sixth version (2017, p. 218):

Exemplary leaders Foster Collaboration by constructing belief and facilitating relationships. This implies you need to:

1. Lengthen belief to others, even when they have not already prolonged it to you.

2. Spend time attending to know your constituents and discover out what makes them tick.

3. Present concern for the issues and aspirations others have.

4. Hear, pay attention, and pay attention some extra.

5. Construction initiatives so that there’s a widespread aim that requires cooperation, ensuring that folks perceive how they’re interdependent with each other.

6. Discover methods to get folks collectively head to head and improve the sturdiness of their relationship.

The actionable strategies to Foster Collaboration within the seventh version (2023, p. 218):


We [Kouzes and Posner] recommend that you just foster collaboration by taking these actions to construct belief and facilitate relationships:


• Improve each the amount and high quality of casual interactions amongst individuals who must work extra successfully collectively.

• Just remember to use “we” at the very least 3 times as usually as you employ “I.” You possibly can’t do it alone. “We” is an inclusive phrase that indicators a dedication to teamwork and collaboration.
• Be open to admitting that issues don’t at all times go as anticipated and focus your consideration on ensuring that the teachings from expertise are broadly shared. By no means shoot the messenger.

As well as, common conversations about management will let folks understand it’s vital. Use the chance in each interplay to direct folks’s consideration to facets of management that you just assume are vital to give attention to. Discover alternatives to speak with others about these questions:

• To get extraordinary issues completed, what could be completed to higher join you with these with whom it’s worthwhile to collaborate?
• What are we doing to make sure that folks round right here really feel included and are concerned in selections that have an effect on the best way they do their work?

Abstract: The Management Problem (seventh ed.) continues to be a compelling, evidence-based, sensible, and pleasant masterpiece. The seventh version of The Management Problem supplies new and refreshed contents and is an unbelievable and worthwhile replace to a well timed management traditional.


Management is not a mystical high quality that solely a choose few have. Neither is it a preordained blessing. Reasonably, “management is an observable sample of practices and behaviors, and a definable set of abilities and skills” (Kouzes & Posner, 2023, p. 314) and it may be discovered, strengthened, honed, and enhanced.


“You don’t must search for for management. Nor do it’s worthwhile to look out for management. You solely must look inward. You’ve the potential to guide others to locations they’ve by no means been” (Kouzes & Posner, 2023, p. 306). The Management Problem (seventh ed.) supplies an amazingly easy and memorable blueprint and descriptions the actionable steps you possibly can take to make this occur.

Written By: Steve Nguyen, Ph.D.

Organizational & Management Improvement Chief


References

Kouzes, J. M., & Posner, B. Z. (1987). The Management Problem. Jossey-Bass.

Kouzes, J. M., & Posner, B. Z. (1995). The Management Problem (2nd ed.). Jossey-Bass.

Kouzes, J. M., & Posner, B. Z. (2002). The Management Problem (third ed.). Jossey-Bass.

Kouzes, J. M., & Posner, B. Z. (2007). The Management Problem (4th ed.). Jossey-Bass.

Kouzes, J. M., & Posner, B. Z. (2012). The Management Problem (fifth ed.). Jossey-Bass.

Kouzes, J. M., & Posner, B. Z. (2017). The Management Problem (Sixth ed.). John Wiley & Sons.

Kouzes, J. M., & Posner, B. Z. (2023). The Management Problem (seventh ed.). John Wiley & Sons.

Nguyen, S. (2017, July 2). E-book Evaluate: The Management Problem, Sixth Version. https://www.workplacepsychology.web/submit/book-review-the-leadership-challenge-Sixth-edition

Related Articles

LEAVE A REPLY

Please enter your comment!
Please enter your name here

Stay Connected

0FansLike
3,912FollowersFollow
0SubscribersSubscribe
- Advertisement -spot_img

Latest Articles