Thursday, May 30, 2024

New Content material Hub and Catalog Administration in VMware Cloud Director 10.5


Content material Hub, launched in VMware Cloud Director 10.5, is a handy software that gives a unified interface for accessing VM and container-based content material. This characteristic instantly integrates exterior content material sources, like VMware Market and Helmchart Repositories, into VMware Cloud Director.

By way of built-in exterior sources, content material will be imported into VMware Cloud Director catalogs, making it available for consumption. With the addition of Content material Hub, VMware Cloud Director introduces an application-focused interface that permits customers to simply visualize and entry catalog content material, enhancing the general content material administration expertise.

Now, catalog gadgets are introduced as Utility Photos, showcasing particular utility particulars similar to the applying title, model, emblem, screenshots, and different important info required for consuming the applying.


Please learn the weblog and evaluation the advantages offered on the finish.

Earlier Structure

Previously, the group utilized VCD catalogs as a main means to retailer VMs, vApps, and media. Moreover, the catalogs had the aptitude to retailer K8S templates and VMs templates obtained from the VMware Market or any Helm Char repository, offered that the App Launchpad (ALP) was correctly arrange within the setting. This concerned the supplier administrator including the VMware Market connection by way of the supplier portal, and subsequently, the supplier administrator or group administrator would set up the Helm Chart repository connection to facilitate the import of container purposes or digital machine purposes. Moreover, structured versioning was not supported inside this structure.

The principle problem on this state of affairs was the necessity for directors to deal with catalog gadgets individually, leading to elevated overhead. Moreover, establishing and configuring the App Launchpad individually within the setting and publishing it to the respective tenants by way of the App Launchpad plugin added complexity.

It’s essential to acknowledge that these challenges have been just some of the issues directors needed to deal with. Nevertheless, as soon as the setup was accomplished, the combination between VMware Cloud Director and App Launchpad labored seamlessly and with none points.

New Structure

Allow us to now study the brand new Content material Hub characteristic in a structured method as we focus on its new options.

Please be aware that the idea of a catalog nonetheless exists; nonetheless, there’s now an extra layer of Content material Hub on high of the catalog.

New Person Roles

A brand new set of Person Roles has been launched to facilitate customers in accessing and managing the Content material Hub. Assigning the suitable person roles to people inside the group to grant them entry and make the most of the Content material Hub characteristic successfully is essential.

Including VMware Market and Helm Chart Repo

Including VMware Market:

To import Digital Machine or Helm chart repositories from the VMware Market, the supplier admin should add the VMware Market connection by way of the supplier portal.

Including Helm Chart Repo:

Both a supplier administrator or a corporation administrator can add a Helm chart repository.

From Supplier Portal
From Tenant Portal

Including a VMware Market or Helm chart repository is sort of an identical to the method in App Launchpad. The one variance lies within the navigation choices and with out the necessity of App Launchpad.

Import OVF, Media or from vCenter Server

As a system administrator or any person with the position “Import vSphere Media to Catalog”, you possibly can import VMs from vCenter Server by way of the tenant portal. This feature stays unchanged from the way it was earlier than.

The method of importing OVA/OVF and media stays unchanged from the way it was earlier than.

Importing VM Utility or Container Utility

You’ll discover a brand new possibility below the Content material secrion that means that you can Add a useful resource from both the VMware Market or a Helm Chart repository. This addition to the Content material Hub characteristic permits customers to import Digital Machine purposes or Container purposes from these sources into the catalog.

The expertise of importing a Digital Machine utility or a Container utility from VMware Market or Helm Chart repository is identical as in App Launchpad.

Within the catalog, you will have the choice to import completely different variations of the identical utility, offered they’re accessible on the supply. The way in which versioning was managed in earlier variations differs from the distinctive strategy showcased in model 10.5.

Understanding Versioning

Within the earlier model of VMware Cloud Director, there was no idea of versioning in catalogs. As an illustration, when a person imports a number of variations of the identical utility from exterior sources into the catalog, every model of the VM or container might be saved and represented (listed) as a person useful resource.

From VMware Cloud Director 10.5 onwards, a Digital Machine utility or Container utility that was imported with a number of variations both on the similar time or at completely different intervals, Content material Hub is able to managing and construction the versioning of that useful resource.

We now have launched a brand new Tab known as “Utility Photos” listed below the Content material part.

Utility Photos tab:

  • Lists all of the sorts of assets (Container app, VM app and Media) in a grid view or listing view.
  • When a useful resource has a number of variations, all of the accessible variations of that merchandise might be displayed below the Variations column, permitting you to simply acknowledge that there are a number of deployment choices to select from.

Simply so you recognize, in Content material Hub, when a person imports a number of variations of the identical utility from exterior sources into the catalog, these variations of the VM or container will NOT be listed as particular person assets below the Utility Photos tab. As a substitute, an utility picture with a number of variations will seem as a single entry below the Utility Photos tab. VMs or containers might be saved as a person useful resource within the background.

Viewing Particulars

While you click on the applying picture title (listing view) or the Particulars button (Grid View), you will notice all the main points of that picture. You’ll have three tabs to search for the data.

Tab1: Particulars:

The Particulars tab will current complete details about the Utility Picture. If the picture was imported from an exterior supply, all of the related info might be retrieved and displayed. However, if the picture was imported from vCenter or captured from a vApp or imported by way of OVA/OVF, the respective particulars might be proven accordingly.

Tab2: Preview

The Preview tab will show all of the preview pictures retrieved from the exterior supply, which can embrace utility screenshots and different related visible representations.

Tab3: Helm Charts / vApp Templates

Relying on the applying picture you will have chosen to view the main points, the third tab will differ. Will probably be both a Helm Charts tab for container purposes or a vApp templates tab for VM purposes.

This tab will present a listing of all of the precise particular person pictures for every model that have been imported for that utility.

Photos from a number of variations of the identical utility (this instance is of a Container utility picture).

Launching (Deploying) Utility Picture

Upon launching an utility picture that has a number of variations, you’ll be prompted to decide on the particular model of the picture you want to deploy.

If the Container utility is launched, then the Container Utility launcher window will open after which it’s good to present the applying Title, choose the model to deploy and choose the TKG Cluster.

Please guarantee that you’ve got the suitable permissions to view the TKG clusters when launching a Container utility. Earlier than continuing with the applying launch into the TKG cluster, it is very important learn the Kubernetes Operator part.

While you launch the VM utility, it’s good to choose the model to deploy after which the Create vApp from Template launcher window will seem, and you must comply with the usual vApp template deployment course of from there.

Different Tabs

Along with the Utility Photos tab, you will see that three different tabs: vApp Templates, HelmCharts, and Media.

Every of those tabs corresponds to its title and shows the respective kind of pictures. Nevertheless, in contrast to the Utility Photos tab, these tabs don’t present new versioning or detailed info. If a VM utility or Container utility has a number of variations, these pictures might be listed individually.

For Container purposes, launching is simply potential from the itemizing below the Utility Photos tab. Below the Helm Charts tab, you possibly can carry out actions similar to modifying, deleting, downloading, shifting, copying, or viewing metadata.

However, vApp Templates will be launched from the vApp Templates tab. Since every model is listed individually, clicking on it’s going to instantly lead you to the Create vApp from Template launcher window.

Kubernetes Operator

The Kubernetes operator permits tenants with provisioned Kubernetes clusters to deploy container purposes utilizing exterior content material assets from configured VMware Market and Helm chart repositories.

Merely put, for deploying a Container utility on a TKG (Tanzu Kubernetes Grid) cluster imported into the catalog below Content material Hub, it’s necessary to have the “Kubernetes Operator” utility put in on every TKG cluster. In any other case, the TKG cluster won’t be seen through the Container picture deployment course of.

To put in the Kubernetes Operator in a TKG cluster, choose the TKG cluster and click on Set up Operator button.

Be sure that the person performing this activity has the acceptable Content material Hub position and the required CSE position to view the K8s cluster, efficiently set up the Kubernetes Operator, and deploy a container app to it.

What’s Kubernetes Operator?

The Kubernetes operator makes use of the API token of the Kubernetes cluster proprietor to speak with VMware Cloud Director and execute container utility administration operations.

The right way to Uninstall a Kubernetes Operator Bundle from TKG Cluster?

You need to take away the next Kubernetes assets in sequence by utilizing the Kubernetes command line software kubectl

kubectl delete pkgi vcd-contenthuboperator-install -n vcd-contenthub-system
kubectl delete clusterrole vcd-contenthuboperator-install
kubectl delete clusterrolebinding vcd-contenthuboperator-install
kubectl delete ns vcd-contenthub-workloads
kubectl delete ns vcd-contenthub-system

The uninstall deletes the Content material Hub Operator from the Kubernetes cluster.

Publishing and Subscribing

When the Writer Catalog is from model 10.5, and the Subscriber Catalog is from a model previous to 10.5, the synchronization of an utility picture with a number of variations will seem as distinct pictures on the subscriber aspect.

If each the Writer Catalog and the Subscriber Catalog are of model 10.5, the synchronization of an utility picture with a number of variations will stay unchanged on the Subscriber aspect, reflecting the identical because it seems on the Writer aspect.

What the Cloud Service Supplier will obtain by utilizing the Content material Hub characteristic:

  1. It gives centralized content material administration for utility pictures, vApp and VM templates, and media.
  2. This replace grants you enhanced management over the applying pictures. VMware Cloud Director may have full management over the deployed and listed pictures, storing all pertinent info in its database. Not like the applying pictures imported from App Launchpad, the place VMware Cloud Director solely listed the imported pictures and App Launchpad saved all the main points and data in its personal database.
  3. It gives ease of use because you gained’t must arrange and configure App Launchpad, which might in any other case be an extra activity.


As of VCD 10.5, Content material Hub and App Launchpad can function concurrently and are nonetheless thought-about separate entities.

Kindly be aware that the data offered right here is our greatest effort for informational functions solely. For detailed info please have a look at the product documentation.

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