Sunday, May 26, 2024

Robots, AI packages could undermine credibility of spiritual teams, research finds — ScienceDaily

As synthetic intelligence expands throughout extra professions, robotic preachers and AI packages provide new technique of sharing non secular beliefs, however they could undermine credibility and scale back donations for non secular teams that depend on them, in keeping with analysis printed by the American Psychological Affiliation.

“It looks as if robots take over extra occupations yearly, however I would not be so positive that non secular leaders will ever be absolutely automated as a result of non secular leaders want credibility, and robots aren’t credible,” mentioned lead researcher Joshua Conrad Jackson, PhD, an assistant professor on the College of Chicago within the Sales space Faculty of Enterprise.

The analysis was printed within the Journal of Experimental Psychology: Common.

Jackson and his colleagues performed an experiment with the Mindar humanoid robotic on the Kodai-Ji Buddhist temple in Kyoto, Japan. The robotic has a humanlike silicon face with shifting lips and blinking eyes on a steel physique. It delivers 25-minute Coronary heart Sutra sermons on Buddhist ideas with encompass sound and multi-media projections.

Mindar, which was created in 2019 by a Japanese robotics crew in partnership with the temple, price virtually $1 million to develop, but it surely is likely to be lowering donations to the temple, in keeping with the research.

The researchers surveyed 398 individuals who have been leaving the temple after listening to a sermon delivered both by Mindar or a human Buddhist priest. Members considered Mindar as much less credible and gave smaller donations than those that heard a sermon from the human priest.

In one other experiment in a Taoist temple in Singapore, half of the 239 individuals heard a sermon by a human priest whereas the opposite half heard the identical sermon from a humanoid robotic known as Pepper. That experiment had related findings — the robotic was considered as much less credible and impressed smaller donations. Members who heard the robotic sermon additionally mentioned they have been much less prone to share its message or distribute flyers to help the temple.

Whereas individuals mentioned they believed human preachers have been extra credible, it was nonetheless a detailed contest with the robots. On a scale from 1 to five, with 5 being most credible, the robotic preachers obtained a median credibility ranking of three.12, in contrast with 3.51 for human preachers.

“This implies that there are lots of people on the market who assume robots might be efficient preachers, however there are extra individuals who aren’t satisfied,” Jackson mentioned.

Whereas the robotic preacher research centered on Jap religions, Jackson believes the findings may apply to different religions.

A 3rd experiment included 274 Christian individuals from the US who learn a sermon on-line. Half of the individuals have been informed it was written by a human preacher whereas the opposite half have been informed the sermon was generated by a extremely superior AI program. Members within the AI sermon group reported the sermon was much less credible as a result of they felt an AI program had much less capability to assume or really feel like a human.

“Robots and AI packages cannot actually maintain any non secular beliefs so non secular organizations might even see declining dedication from their congregations in the event that they rely extra on know-how than on human leaders who can exhibit their religion,” Jackson mentioned.

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